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Porub - a dungeon made of logs, in the form of a well.
Porub – a dungeon made of logs, in the form of a well.
Sudislav Vladimirovich –presumably the youngest son of the Kyiv prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich and an unknown woman, reigned in Pskov from 1014 to 1036. In the internecine war of 1015-1019, his participation is not mentioned, but his brother Yaroslav the Wise puted Sudislav to prison anyway, to avoid claims to the Kyiv throne.[1]wikipedia

Assumption about the causes of the conflict between
Sudislav and Yaroslav

No detailed information has been preserved to determine why Yaroslav the Wise imprisoned his brother for almost a quarter of a century. There is only a brief mention:

“In the summer of 6544 (1036) Mstislav Tmutarakansky … fell ill and died … in the same summer, put Yaroslav Sudislav in the porub, his brother, owner ofPleskov, slandered against him” – Tale Time Years

Most often, Yaroslav’s desire to protect himself from Sudislav’s possible claims to the Kyiv throne or the unwillingness of the younger prince to obey the elder is indicated. However, it is possible to build a theory in the other direction.

Theory about religious conflict

The story of the “imprisonment in the cut” of Sudislav coincides in time with the destruction of the semi-Varangian Pskov. Sudislav is overthrown in 1036. The log that cut through the destroyed pagan burial ground was cut down just eight years later, in 1044. A few years before that, in 1044, Pskov was taken by storm, its inhabitants were slaughtered, the population changed almost completely. Pskov was on fire, the pagan temple and the cemetery near it were completely destroyed; then, on top of the “layer of raid, layer of fire,” a completely new building began to form.

Around the same years, the same thing happens with another city in the Baltic States – with a city that now has three names: Estonian Tartu, German Derpt, Russian Yuryev. Sometimes one hears that Tartu, although it was “in the 10th-11th centuries. known as the settlement of the ancient Estonians – Tarpatu”, but “for the first time mentioned in the annals under 1030 as the city of Yuryev, built by Yaroslav the Wise (after the Christian name of Yaroslav – Yuri)”.

The fact is that the excavations of the Tartu hillfort recorded a grandiose fire at the beginning of the 11th century. In the fire of this fire, a large settlement of the Rõuge culture, that is, the archaeological culture of the Estonians, perished. And already on the site of this settlement, an Old Russian settlement grows up with buildings very characteristic of Ancient Russia, implements and ceramics, attributes of the Christian cult. The finds of objects of southern Russian origin are interesting – after all, Yaritsleif’s army included warriors from the Kiev region, from the south of his state. Once again, the messages of the chronicle are confirmed by archeological data – and vice versa.[2]nnre.ru
The annalistic account of these ambiguous events is as short as the arrest of Sudislav:

“Yaroslav went to the Chud tribe, and defeated them, and set up the city of Yuryev.”

Map - the direction of Yaroslav's campaign against the Estonians
Map – the direction of Yaroslav’s campaign against the Estonians

Epic to the point and short. In addition to the obvious idea of robbery, called “tribute”, the ideological basis for the campaign against “chud” was the “necessity” to baptize the pagans, to bring them the Word of God.

Sudislav could not but be baptized… But Pskov was pagan then. The Spaso-Mirozhsky Monastery was created as a stronghold of the new faith, as an ideological support for the Christian Rurik dynasty.

So it turns out – Pskov and the Pskov land shared the fate of the “white-eyed miracle”, their capital city of Tarpata. First, in 1030, Tarpata was swept off the face of the earth and Yuryev was put in his place. In 1036 they did the same with Pskov.

Further fate

Sudislav spent 23 years in prison, outliving Yaroslav the Wise and being the last surviving son of St. Vladimir. His nephews, the “triumvirs” Izyaslav, Svyatoslav, Vsevolod, in 1059 “dropped off” his uncle from the “porub” (prison), taked swore him in and demanding from him the renunciation of the right to the throne of Kyiv (being a generation older than them, he could claim the throne). Sudislav became a monk in the Kiev St. George Monastery.
Triumvirate of Yaroslavichs - general scheme
Triumvirate of Yaroslavichs – general scheme

Death, burial and memory

He died in 1063 and was buried in the church of St. George – a stone temple of the St. George Monastery. Locally venerated as a holy reverend (recluse) in the Cathedral of All Saints and in the Cathedral of the Pskov Saints.

Section “Yaroslav the Wise”

Список литературы

  1. wikipedia
  2. nnre.ru
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Опубликовано: 08.08.2022
Изменено: 08.08.2022