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The children of Yaroslav the Wise, born to him by Swedish princess Ingigerda, played a significant role in the fate of the Old Rus state: the sons ruled various principalities, and the daughters became the wives of foreign kings, which increased the influence of Kievan Rus .

However, the sons of Yaroslav, like their parent, did not manage to completely avoid bloody internecine wars for the right to rule in the state – the union created in 1054 by the three elder Yaroslavichs (called by historians the “Triumvirate of Yaroslavich”), collapsed by 1073.

Children of Yaroslav the Wise - genealogical cheme
Children of Yaroslav the Wise – genealogical scheme

Vladimir Yaroslavich

Holy Blessed Prince Vladimir Yaroslavich
Holy Blessed Prince Vladimir Yaroslavich

(1020 — 1052)

He was appointed by his father to govern Novgorod, according to various chronicles, in 1030 or 1034. The governor of Vyshat and Bishop Luke Zhidyat, who later became canonized, helped him manage the principality.

In 1042, Vladimir made a victorious campaign on the tribes Yam’ (territory of Southern Finland), and the next 1043 he went to Byzantium together with with the future king of Norway Harald III. The Byzantine campaign ended in failure, but there is a version that in 1044, Vladimir took Chersonese.

It was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church in the 15th century, as “the holy noble prince Vladimir Yaroslavich of Novgorod”.

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Anastasia Yaroslavna

Monument to King Andras and his wife Anastasia of Kyiv
Monument to King Andras and his wife Anastasia of Kyiv

(ок. 1023—1074/1094)

The eldest (presumably) daughter of Yaroslav the Wise and Ingigerda of Sweden. Around 1038, Anastasia Yaroslavna married the Hungarian Duke Andras (Andrei), who, fleeing persecution by King Istvan I, had previously fled to Kyiv. In 1046, Andras together with Anastasia returned to Hungary, and, having seized the throne, became king.

In 1060, Andras was defeated by his brother Bela, and soon after he died, and Anastasia with her children was forced to flee to the German king Henry IV. A few years later, Anastasia was able to take advantage of the situation and, with the help of the German king, returned the throne to her son.

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Izyaslav (Dmitry) Yaroslavich

Izyaslav Yaroslavich. Engraving. 1819
Izyaslav Yaroslavich. Engraving. 1819

(1024 — 1078)

The second son of Yaroslav and Ingigerdy received from his father a reign in Turov. After the death in 1052 of the elder brother of Novgorod Prince Vladimir, Izyaslav put his son Mstislav in Novgorod and, according to the then dynastic rules, became the heir to the Kyiv table (although Vladimir had a son). After the death of his father, he became the Grand Duke of Kyiv.

Together with his brothers Svyatoslav and Vsevolod, they created the Triumvirate of Yaroslavichy – the princes ruled the southern lands of Kievan Rus in 1054-1073 without entering into a confrontation. Enmity broke out between the brothers in 1073, and in 1078 Izyaslav died during a battle with the troops of his nephews.

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Elizabeth Yaroslavna

Bas-relief of Elizabeth Yaroslavna - Queen of Norway.
Bas-relief of Elizabeth Yaroslavna – Queen of Norway.

(1025 — 1066/1067)

The second daughter (fourth child) in the family of the Kyiv Prince Yaroslav the Wise and Ingergerda of Sweden. Elizabeth grew up at the princely court in Kyiv, where she received a good education.

In the winter of 1043/1044, she married Harald, who long and stubbornly sought her hand from Yaroslav the Wise. In 1046, Harald became king of Norway, he and Elizabeth moved to his kingdom. She gave birth to her husband two daughters – Maria and Ingegerd, who later married the Danish king Olaf Sveinsson and became the Queen of Denmark.

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Svyatoslav (Nikolay) Yaroslavich

Svyatoslav Yaroslavich. Portrait of a late artist
Svyatoslav Yaroslavich. Portrait of a late artist


The third son of Yaroslav the Wise and Ingegerda of Sweden. In 1054-1073 he was a member of the “triumvirate of the Yaroslavichi”. During his reign, Chernigov was under active construction, and the local bishop adopted the status of metropolitan.

On November 1, 1068, near Snovsk, Svyatoslav defeated the Polovtsians after being defeated by them on the Alta River with his brothers.

In 1073, having entered into a conspiracy with Vsevolod, overthrew Izyaslav, who fled to Europe. December 27, 1076 Svyatoslav died in the 50th year of life, becoming the first known victim of an unsuccessful surgical operation in Russia: he died from “cutting the tumor”.

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Vsevolod (Andrey) Yaroslavich

Vsevolod Yaroslavich
Vsevolod Yaroslavich

(1030 —  1093)

The fourth son of Yaroslav and Ingigerdy. During the life of his father, Vsevolod was not his viceroy in any city and lived in Kyiv with his parents. From 1054 to 1073 he reigned in the Pereyaslavl-Russian and Rostov lands, and belonged to the “triumvirate of the Yaroslavichi”.

In 1046 he married a relative (presumably a daughter) of the Byzantine emperor Constantine IX Monomakh, from the marriage with which Vladimir Monomakh was born – the future grand duke.

He reigned in Kyiv in 1076-1077 and from 1078 until the end of his life, he was the first ruler of Kyiv, who used the title “Prince of All Russia.”

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Anna Yaroslavna

Anna Yaroslavna - Queen of France Degree work of Ilya Tomilov.
Anna Yaroslavna – Queen of France Degree work of Ilya Tomilov.

(1032/1036 — 1075/1089)

The youngest of the three daughters of the Kiev prince Yaroslav the Wise. In Russian sources, including chronicles, no information about Anna (as well as about the other daughters of Yaroslav) was preserved.

The 17th-century historian Francois de Mesere wrote that Henry I of France “received fame about the charms of the princess, namely Anna, daughter of George (the name of Yaroslav in baptism) , king of Russia, now Muscovy, and he was fascinated by the story of her accomplishments. ” Anna gave birth to four children, including the future king of France, Philip I. She was known in France as Anna Russkaya or Anna Kievskaya.

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Vyacheslav Yaroslavich


Almost nothing is known about Vyacheslav. He was probably born in Kiev, where he lived until adulthood. In 1054, after the death of Yaroslav, he received the Principality of Smolensk. Died three years later, in 1057.

Igor Yaroslavich

Igor is the brother of Vsevolod. William Took. History of Russia from the founding of the monarchy by Rurik to the reign of Catherine
Igor is the brother of Vsevolod. (art. William Took)
History of Russia from the founding of the monarchy by Rurik to the reign of Catherine


The youngest son of Yaroslav and Ingigerdy. In 1054, according to the will of his father, he received the Principality of Volyn, and in 1057, after the death of his brother Vyacheslav, he was appointed by three senior Yaroslavichs to reign in Smolensk.

Like his brother Vyacheslav, Igor died at an early age – in 1060. At the time of his death, he was about 24 years old. He left his young sons: Davyd and Vsevolod, who became rogue princes and, by the decision of the senior Yaroslavichs, did not inherit lands from their father.

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There is a theory according to which the first wife of Yaroslav existed (before 1019) – presumably, a Norwegian named Anna, who was captured in Kyiv in 1018 by the Polish king Boleslav the Brave along with Yaroslav’s sisters and forever taken to Poland.

Presumably, the list of children of Yaroslav the Wise can be supplemented with the name Ilya (before 1018 -?) – the son of Yaroslav the Wise from Anna. Ilya is mentioned only in the Novgorod Chronicle of the younger edition in the list “And behold, by holy baptism, about the reign of Kiev …”:

And Yaroslav’s son Ilya was born, and planted in Novgorod, and died. And then Yaroslav got angry at Kosntantin, and imprisoned him; and put your son Vlodymyr in Novgorod.

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Опубликовано: 11.08.2022
Изменено: 12.08.2022